By Steve K.
The Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) group is a fundamental ‘mechanism of change’ in terms of recovery from alcoholism; in respect of providing its members with a supportive social network that promotes sobriety.
Participation in the group offers several therapeutic benefits which facilitate and support change for the individual. These therapeutic gains are as follows:
The group provides the inspiration of hope that there is a solution to a seemingly hopeless condition of mind, body and soul. AA groups generate optimism and confidence that change is possible. The group is a vehicle for positive psychology.
When I arrived at my first AA meeting I was full of despair and shame, and felt completely trapped in my addiction to alcohol. The group gave me some hope that long term sobriety was possible through the example of others.
A fundamental therapeutic benefit obtained from 12 Step groups is identification with others – who have experienced similar difficulties. It helps group members increase their self-awareness and lessens feelings of isolation, shame and guilt; which promotes self-acceptance.
Identification and sharing (self-disclosure) with others, along with inventory work, has greatly increased my self-awareness and self-acceptance over the years, which in turn allows for greater honesty, authenticity and humility.
Information and Wisdom.
The AA group shares information and wisdom in relation to recovery from addiction and living life alcohol free and in emotional balance.
The group offers strategies for dealing with cravings and handling life problems, and also promotes wise philosophy such as: acceptance of things outside of one’s control, the importance of self-examination and self-responsibility, the concept of keeping one’s focus in the present day and detachment from other people’s behaviour. These are wise concepts that can be traced back to ancient Greek philosophy. AA’s serenity prayer is Stoic philosophy in a nutshell.
A key ethical principle of 12 Step groups is the practice of Altruism, as expressed in Step Twelve and Tradition Five, in the form of “carrying a message of recovery to the still suffering alcoholic”. This practice helps group members develop this important virtue and encourages its application in other areas of life.
Participating in the AA group, and absorbing the principle of helping others without expectation of reward, and also the attitude of contributing to the group purpose or greater good (principle of service), inspired me to volunteer in my local community for good causes that benefit others outside of the AA group.
This service work, both inside and outside of the group, promotes one’s self-esteem and provides meaning and purpose in recovery. As someone who came into AA with very damaged self-esteem and had little sense of meaning in his life, feeling able to help others and developing a sense of purpose was very important in my recovery process.
The group, through its communication of the Steps and Traditions, also promotes the practice of other moral virtues such as, honesty, humility, willingness, courage, compassion and integrity.
Being a member of a 12 Step group encourages the development of social skills. Groups provide the opportunity to be with, listen and talk to others; to test out and develop interpersonal skills such as self-disclosure and the offering of emotional support. Groups also provide the opportunity to observe healthy social and helpful behaviour in others, eg, service to and respect for other group members.
When I first started attending AA meetings, after years of relying upon alcohol and drugs in order to socially connect with other people, I had quite poor social skills. I was anxious in social situations and had no confidence. I didn’t really know how to approach people or start simple conversations, and would stand around waiting for people to approach me, feeling very awkward. If someone didn’t start talking to me at the end of the meeting, I would leave abruptly, feeling rejected and inadequate.
Over the years of attending AA meetings, I have had the opportunity to practice my social skills with others; learning how to approach people, say hello, and offer my hand in friendship.
I’ve learnt to ask how people are feeling and to listen to their responses, offering appropriate emotional support when needed. I have learnt to communicate my own feelings honestly, and to reach out for support from other group members. I’ve also learnt to engage in friendly banter and develop sober friendships.
These social communication skills may be taken for granted by some, but I had been abusing alcohol and drugs since my early teens, had very poor self-esteem, and had not developed these skills naturally during my active addiction years.
Being a member of an AA group also promotes a feeling of belonging, which is important for one’s self-esteem and emotional health, as humans are social beings and need social attachments. Twelve Step groups and there social nature are a great antidote to the social isolation often created by alcoholism and other addictions.
The sharing of experience, strength and hope in AA meetings can provide an opportunity for catharsis, as a space to vent and explore feelings while being listened to by others. This group format is particularly important for individuals who have a history of social isolation, and are used to shutting off emotions through alcohol and other drug misuse.
In general, group members are listened to with respect, understanding and compassion while sharing in meetings, and this process facilitates improvements in self-awareness and self-acceptance; particularly when combined with supportive feedback from other group members at the end of the meeting.
During the earlier stages of my own recovery, I found being able to share my feelings honestly and openly within the AA group, both during the meetings and afterwards with group members, essential in my efforts to remain sober.
As someone who suffers with Co-occurring disorders which impact upon my emotional wellbeing, I needed to communicate my distress to others as a form of release and coping strategy; and as a way of reaching out for support from other group members. Sharing my suffering within the AA group, and the resulting support I received from others, quite often enable me not to take a drink or other drug in order to cope.
I now find it very satisfying to be able to emotionally support other group members, particularly those in early recovery or group members suffering from Co-occurring illnesses.
Note: Some of the above therapeutic benefits of group work have been adapted from the ‘Principles and Practice of Group Work in Addictions’ by Robert Hill & Jennifer Harris. (2011, Routledge.)